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It also can be useful if you want to activate your Windows copy on the corporate KMS windows server 2012 r2 standard product key list free. Microsoft offers two ways of Windows and MS Office activation for corporate customers under the Volume License program.

KMS is based on a client-server architecture. KMS host is a special Windows Server role по этому адресу can automate the activation of volume license Microsoft products Windows and Office and track their activation status. The maximum supported versions of Windows to activate in this case are Windows 8. For each Windows edition, this key is unique.

To replace an existing product key, run the command prompt as an administrator on the computer you want to activate and type:. The KMS Client setup key installation command will look like this:. You can check this DNS entry using the nslookup command :.

You can also specify the TCP port on which the activation service listens by default :. You can test network connectivity between your computer and the KMS server using the PowerShell command:. You can use the slmgr. The following command will check the activation status on the remote computer named nywsdx The connection credentials are specified in plain text:. You can use the Slui. For example, to get a more detailed description of activation error 0xCF, use the following command:.

First, you need to check the version and edition of Windows on your computer. To do this, you can run the command:. In our example, we have Windows 10 Pro build 20H2 installed. Actually, if the installation media is not Retail but Volume, it windows server 2012 r2 standard product key list free not required to execute slmgr.

If a server cannot find KMS host, you can specify it using slmgr. So, in my case with standalone server this was enough: slmgr. If you are activating Windows 7 or Windows 8 адрес страницы the proper way to do this is to activate via your own KMS Server. However, I have seen servers need to be manually activated via KMS more often than not.

But yes I agree with your last statement, seems kind of strange the way they activate with KMS. It makes a easily sellable product that can work off i net in a closed network.

The time bomb approach was probably windows server 2012 r2 standard product key list free feature requested by the most irresponsible people. Heck without a cac or a local net the device can be made useless. Your web page just got me out of the hole. This assumes you have a KMS server running. I rearmed Windows 8 days ago. I tried this again just now with the same result — any suggestions?

Please help! Please help. Hi and thank you for this post! Just a question, I have a KMS with a datacenter license activated and used by datacenter client, can I also activate По этому адресу Edition with the same license key? If windows 10 pro 32 bit key free download, anyway to enable my standard without bying standard licenses in adation to my datacenter? What are the server minimum hardware requirements or recommendations to build a KMS server on Win Server ?

One server is fine or a redundancy is recommended for 10, nodes?


Windows and Windows Server R2 privacy statement – Microsoft Windows.Changing a Windows Server product key | OVH Guides


You can uninstall a mobile operator’s app at any time without uninstalling your mobile broadband hardware. When you connect your PC to a small private network like you might have at home, Windows can automatically discover other PCs and shared devices on the network, and make your PC visible to others on the network. When shared devices are available, Windows can automatically connect to and install them. Examples of shared devices include printers and media extenders, but not personal devices like cameras and mobile phones.

When you turn on sharing and connecting to devices, information about your PC, such as its name and network address, might be broadcast over the local network to allow other PCs to discover and connect to it. In order to determine if devices connected to your network should be installed automatically, some information about the network is collected and sent to Microsoft. This information includes the number of devices on the network, the network type for example, private network , and the types and model names of devices on the network.

No personal information, such as network name or password, is collected. Depending on your device installation settings, when Windows installs shared devices, Windows might send some information to Microsoft and install device software on your PC.

For more information, see the Device Installation section. The information sent to Microsoft about your network is used to determine which devices on the network should be installed automatically. Microsoft doesn’t use the information to identify, contact, or target advertising to you. If you choose turn on sharing and connect to devices when you join a network, network discovery is turned on for that network.

You can choose whether to turn on network discovery at all and whether to turn on automatic setup of network connected devices by selecting Change advanced sharing settings in Network and Sharing Center.

Wi—Fi Direct is a wireless technology that allows devices to communicate directly with each other, without needing to connect to a Wi—Fi network. Depending on your device installation settings, when Windows pairs with wireless devices, Windows might send some information to Microsoft and install device software on your PC.

Device encryption helps protect your data by encrypting it using BitLocker Drive Encryption technology, which can help prevent offline software attacks. When you turn on device encryption, Windows encrypts the data on the drive Windows is installed on.

When you use software encryption, cryptographic keys in memory continually encrypt and decrypt data as it is read from or written to the protected drive. When you use hardware encryption, data encryption and decryption is performed by the drive.

When device encryption is on, Windows automatically encrypts the drive Windows is installed on and generates a recovery key. The recovery key can help you to access your protected data in case of certain hardware failures or other problems. The BitLocker recovery key for your PC is automatically backed up online in the MicrosoftOneDrive account of each administrator account that is connected to a Microsoft account. Your computer name and an identifier for the recovery key are also backed up in the same OneDrive account.

Recovery information allows you to access your protected data in case of certain hardware failures or other problems, and allows BitLocker to distinguish between authorized and unauthorized users. Microsoft backs up your recovery information in your OneDrive account so you can access it online. We might use aggregate data about recovery keys to analyze trends and help improve our products and services. For example, we might use this information to determine the proportion of PCs where Device Encryption is turned on.

If you choose to use a Microsoft account while setting up your PC, and your PC supports it, device encryption is turned on and your recovery key is backed up in your OneDrive account.

If you choose to use a local account while setting up your PC, device encryption is turned off. You can view and manage the recovery keys stored in your OneDrive account here. DirectAccess makes it possible for your PC to remotely and seamlessly connect to your workplace network whenever your PC is connected to the Internet, no matter your location.

Each time you start your PC, DirectAccess will attempt to connect to your workplace network, whether or not you’re physically located at your workplace. Once connected, your PC will download workplace policy, and you’ll be able to access configured resources in the workplace network. Your workplace administrator might leverage DirectAccess connectivity to remotely manage and monitor your PC, including the websites you visit even when you aren’t physically located at your workplace.

DirectAccess must be configured by your workplace administrator using Group Policy. While your administrator can allow you to temporarily deactivate some elements of DirectAccess, only your workplace administrator can stop Windows from attempting to connect to your workplace for management purposes. If you or your workplace administrator removes your PC from your workplace domain, DirectAccess will no longer be able to connect. The Ease of Access Center enables you to turn on accessibility options and settings to help you more easily interact with the PC.

This information is saved in a non-human-readable format and stored locally on your PC. A set of configuration recommendations are provided to you based on the statements that you choose.

You can choose which statements you would like to select by going to Ease of Access in Control Panel. You can alter your choices at any time. You can also choose which of the recommendations you want to configure on your PC.

PC users, primarily administrators, can use Event Viewer to view and manage event logs. Event logs contain information about hardware, software, and security events on your PC. You can also get information from Microsoft about events in the event logs by clicking Event Log Online Help. Event logs contain event information generated by all users and apps on the PC. By default, all users can view event log entries; however, administrators can choose to restrict access to event logs.

You can access the event logs for your PC by opening Event Viewer. If you use Event Log Online Help to look up additional information about a specific event, information about the event is sent to Microsoft.

When you use Event Log Online Help to look up information about an event, the event data sent from your PC is used to locate and provide you with additional information about the event. For Microsoft events, the event details will be sent to Microsoft. For events associated with third-party apps, the information will be sent to the location specified by the third-party publisher or manufacturer. If you send information about events to third-party publishers or manufacturers, use of the information will be subject to each third party’s privacy practices.

Administrators can choose to restrict access to Event Viewer logs. Users who have full access to event viewer logs can clear them. Unless you have previously consented to sending event information automatically when you click Event Log Online Help, you’ll be asked to confirm that the information presented to you can be sent over the Internet.

No event log information will be sent over the Internet unless you consent to send it. Administrators can use Group Policy to select or change the site to which event information is sent. Family Safety helps parents protect their children when they use a PC. Parents can control which apps, games, and websites children are allowed to use. Parents can also set time limits and receive regular activity reports via email. Parents can manage restrictions and view activity reports locally on the PC or online using the Microsoft Family Safety website.

Activity reports can include info about time spent using the computer, time spent in individual apps and games, and websites visited including attempts to view blocked sites. Administrators on the PC can change settings and view the activity report. A parent can allow other people to view activity reports and change settings by adding them as parents on the Microsoft Family Safety website. If the parent configuring Family Safety is signed into Windows with a Microsoft account, online management is automatically turned on.

Windows and the Microsoft Family Safety website use the information collected to provide the Family Safety feature. Family Safety is turned off by default. Only administrators can turn on Family Safety, and only users without administrative privileges can be monitored or restricted.

If Family Safety is turned on, the child will receive a notification that Family Safety is monitoring their account each time they sign in to Windows. If you indicate that an account is a child account during account creation, you can choose to enable Family Safety for that account. Parent accounts can be added or removed on the Microsoft Family Safety website. To properly use Family Safety, only parents should be administrators of their PC, and children should not be granted administrative privileges.

Please note that using this feature to monitor other users such as adults may violate applicable law. The fax feature allows you to create and save fax cover pages, and to send and receive faxes using your PC and an external or a built-in fax modem or a fax server. By default, Windows uses “Fax” as the value for each identifier.

Information entered in the sender dialog box is presented on the fax cover page. Fax access is determined by your user account privileges on the PC. Unless a fax administrator changes access settings, all users can send and receive faxes.

By default, all users can view the documents that they send and any fax that is received on the PC. Administrators can see all faxed documents, sent or received, and can configure fax settings, including who has permissions to view or manage faxes, and the TSID and CSID values. Automatic learning is a handwriting recognition personalization tool that is available on PCs with touch or tablet pen. This feature collects data about the words that you use and how you write them.

This helps the handwriting recognition software improve its interpretation of your handwriting style and vocabulary and also improves auto correction and text suggestions for languages without input method editors IMEs. Information collected by automatic learning is stored in the user profile for each user on the PC.

Text from messages you compose and calendar entries you create by using email apps for example, Office Outlook or Windows Live Mail including any messages that you have already sent. Recognized text from ink that you write in Input Panel or type using touch keyboards. The information collected is used to help improve handwriting recognition by creating a version of the recognition software that’s personalized to your own style and vocabulary, and to turn on auto correction and text suggestions as you type using touch keyboards.

The text samples are used to create an extended dictionary. The ink samples are used to help improve handwriting recognition for each user on a PC. Automatic learning is turned on by default. You can turn automatic learning on or off at any time by going to Advanced settings in Languages in Control Panel. When you turn off automatic learning, any data that has been collected and stored by automatic learning is deleted. Windows allows you to easily link PCs on your home network so that you can share pictures, music, videos, documents, and devices.

It also enables PCs to stream media to devices on your home network such as a media extender. These PCs and devices are your homegroup. You can help protect your homegroup with a password, and you can choose what you want to share. You can access your own files, such as pictures, videos, music, and documents, from any PC in the homegroup. When you join a homegroup, account information including email address, display name, and picture for all Microsoft accounts on your PC will be shared with others in the homegroup in order to turn on sharing with those users.

The information collected allows PCs in your homegroup to understand who to share content with and how to present it. You have the ability to add or remove PCs from your homegroup and decide what is shared with other homegroup members.

You can create a homegroup and manage its settings by going to HomeGroup under Network in PC settings. If the IME cannot find a good suggestion in your local dictionary it will send the keyboard input to Microsoft to determine if there are better candidate ideograms for that input.

A randomly-generated unique identifier is also sent to help us analyze usage of this feature. Microsoft uses the information collected to look up cloud ideograms and to improve our products and services. To view or change this setting, open PC settings, click Time and language , click Region and language , choose your language, and then click Options. Depending on the IME you use, and your settings, the auto-tuning and text suggestion features of IME might record words or word sequences to improve the selection of the ideograms displayed.

The IME auto-tuning self-learning and text suggestion features record a word or sequence of words and the frequency with which you use them. If you choose to send this data to Microsoft, it is used to improve IME and related products and services.

The automatic learning and text suggestion features are on by default in those IMEs that support them. The data collected isn’t sent automatically to Microsoft. You can choose whether or not to collect or send this data in Language in Control Panel. If errors in presenting ideograms or in converting keyboard input to ideograms occur, this feature can collect information about the errors that can help Microsoft improve its products and services.

IME Conversion Error Reporting collects information about IME conversion errors, such as what you typed, the first conversion or prediction result, the string you chose instead, information about the IME you use, and information about how you use it.

In addition, if you use the Japanese IME, you can choose to include automatic learning information in conversion error reports. Microsoft uses the information to improve our products and services. After a certain number of conversion errors are stored, the Mis-Conversion Report Tool will ask whether you want to send a conversion error report.

You can view the information contained in each report before choosing whether to send it. You can also turn on automatic sending of conversion error reports in IME Settings. Depending on the IME you use, you might be able to use word registration to report unsupported words words that might not be converted correctly to ideograms from keyboard input.

Registration reports can include the information you provide in the Add Word dialog box about the words being reported, and the software version number for an IME. These reports might include personal information, for example, if you add personal names using word registration. You have the opportunity to review the data being sent with each report before you choose to send it.

Microsoft uses the information to help improve our products and services. You can view the information contained in the report before choosing whether to send it. When you share your Internet connection for the first time, Windows will automatically generate and store a network name and password. You can change these at any time.

Windows also syncs other information to let you remotely start Internet connection sharing from your other trusted devices. This information is used to set up Internet connection sharing. If you sign in to a device that supports Internet connection sharing with your Microsoft account, and you add the device as a trusted device, the information necessary to remotely start Internet connection sharing will be synced to OneDrive.

You can stop syncing the information by choosing not to sync passwords. For more info, see the “Sync settings” section of this page. When you print using this feature, you must first connect and authenticate yourself to an Internet print server. The information that you’ll need to submit to the print server will vary depending on the level of security that the print server supports for example, you might be asked to provide a user name and password.

The information collected enables you to print using remote printers. If you send information to a third-party print server, use of the information will be subject to the third party’s privacy practices. You can turn Internet printing on or off by opening Programs and Features in Control Panel, and then selecting Turn Windows features on or off.

You can add the languages you prefer to use to your language list in Windows 8. Apps and websites appear in the first language available in that list. When you visit websites and install apps on your PC, your list of preferred languages is sent to the websites you visit and is available to the apps you use so they can provide content in your preferred languages.

Microsoft doesn’t use any language information to identify or contact you. Language information sent or used by third-party websites and apps is subject to the privacy practices of the third-party website or app publisher. Your list of preferred languages is available to the apps you install and websites you visit. You can add or remove languages from this list in Language preferences in Control Panel. Windows location services consist of two components. Windows Location Provider connects to a Microsoft online service to determine your location.

If you let an app use your location, in addition to providing your location while you use the app, Windows Location Platform can tell the app when your PC moves inside or outside of app-defined geographical boundaries. For example, an app could let you set a reminder to pick up groceries when you leave work. For example, you can install devices such as a GPS receiver that might send location information directly to an app and bypass the platform. Regardless of your Windows Location Platform settings, online services can use your IP address to determine its approximate location—usually the city your PC is in.

If an app sets up geographical boundaries to monitor, those boundaries are stored encrypted on your PC. The information stored about these boundaries includes a name, a location, and whether your PC was inside or outside the boundary the last time its location was determined.

Apps that set up geographical boundaries might transmit or store this information. If you choose to customize settings, you can control the Windows Location Platform by selecting Let Windows and apps request my location from the Windows Location Platform under Share info with Microsoft and other services. Each user can control their own location settings for apps in Privacy in PC settings.

In addition, administrators can choose to turn off the location platform for all users in Location Settings in Control Panel. To prevent apps from being notified when geographic boundaries defined by apps are crossed, an administrative user can turn off the Windows Location Framework Service in Control Panel. This list of access points is encrypted when stored on disk so that apps can’t directly access it. The GPS information includes observed latitude, longitude, direction, speed, and altitude.

The information is used by the Windows Location Provider to give Windows Location Platform the approximate location of your PC when an authorized app requests it. For more info about how to control whether apps can request your PC’s location, see the Windows Location Platform section. If you choose express settings while setting up Windows, you choose to help improve the Microsoft Location Service. If you choose to customize settings, you can control whether to help improve the Microsoft Location Service by selecting Send some location data to Microsoft when location-aware apps are used under Help improve Microsoft products and services.

Windows lets you connect Windows Store apps to accounts you use for websites. When an app asks for credentials to sign in to a website, you can choose to save those credentials.

The credentials are stored encrypted on your PC. For more info about how these and other credentials may be synced to OneDrive, see the “Sync settings” section of this page. Windows only uses the saved credentials to help you sign in to the websites you have selected. If you save credentials while connecting an app to a website, the saved credentials won’t be used in Internet Explorer or other apps.

You can manage saved credentials in Credential Manager in Control Panel. For more information about how these and other credentials may be synced to OneDrive, see the “Sync settings” section of this page. To provide personalized content, apps can request your name and account picture from Windows. Your name and account picture are displayed under Your account in Accounts in PC settings.

If you sign in to Windows with a Microsoft account, Windows will use the name and account picture associated with that account. If you allow apps to access your name and account picture, Windows will provide that information to all apps that request it. If you sign in to Windows with a domain account, and you choose to allow apps to use your name and account picture, apps that can use your Windows credentials will be allowed to access certain other forms of your domain account information.

This information includes, for example, your user principal name like jack contoso. If you sign in to Windows with a Microsoft account, or if you sign in to Windows with a domain account connected to a Microsoft account, Windows can automatically sync your account picture on your PC with your Microsoft account picture. If you choose express settings while setting up Windows, Windows will allow apps to access your name and account picture. If you choose to customize settings, you can control access to your name and account picture by selecting Let apps use my name and account picture under Share info with Microsoft and other services.

After setting up Windows, you can turn change this setting in Privacy in PC settings. You can change your account picture in Accounts in PC settings. You can also choose to allow certain apps to change your account picture. If you have a subscription plan for network access for example, via a mobile broadband connection , this feature provides information about your subscription plan to apps and Windows features on your PC.

Windows features and apps can use this information to optimize their behavior. This feature also provides information about your network connection, such as signal strength and whether your PC is connected to the Internet.

This feature collects Internet and intranet network connectivity information, such as the Domain Name Service DNS suffix of your PC, network name, and gateway address of the networks that your PC connects to.

This feature also receives subscription plan information such as the amount of data remaining in the plan. Network connectivity profiles can include a history of all networks visited and the date and time of the last connection.

This feature can attempt to connect to a Microsoft server to determine whether you’re connected to the Internet. The only data sent to Microsoft during network connectivity checks is standard PC information. If data is sent to Microsoft, it is only used to provide network connectivity status. Network connectivity status is made available to apps and features on your PC that request network connectivity information.

If you use a third-party app, use of the information collected will be subject to the third party’s privacy practices. Network Awareness is on by default. An administrator can turn it off using the Services options in Administrative Tools in Control Panel. Disabling this feature isn’t recommended because it will prevent some Windows features from functioning properly. Windows Store apps can automatically receive content and display notifications in several ways.

They can, for example, receive notifications that are displayed briefly in the corner of the screen or on app tiles if those tiles are pinned to Start. The lock screen can display detailed or brief status for certain apps as well. App publishers can send content to your Windows Store apps through the Windows Push Notification Service running on Microsoft servers, or the apps can download information directly from third-party servers.

Windows Store apps can deliver periodic or real-time information to you that will be displayed briefly as notifications in the corner of the screen. Apps can display text, images, or both in notifications. The contents of notifications can be provided locally by the app for example, an alarm from a clock app. Notifications can also be sent from an app’s online service through the Windows Push Notification Service for example, a social network update. Images displayed in notifications may be downloaded directly from a server specified by the app publisher; when that happens, standard computer information will be sent to that server.

Microsoft only uses notification information to deliver notifications from your apps to you. Some Windows Store apps can display status and notifications on the screen when your PC is locked. Lock screen apps can also perform tasks while the PC is locked, such as syncing email in the background or letting you answer incoming phone calls. You can also use your PCs camera directly from the lock screen. Lock screen apps could also transmit or process other information unrelated to notifications and updates.

Windows uses the status and notification information provided by the lock screen apps to update the lock screen. After you set up Windows, the Mail, Calendar, and Skype apps are automatically set as lock screen apps. You can also choose one app to persistently display detailed status for example, details for the next appointment on your calendar on the lock screen. Store apps that are pinned to Start can update their tiles with text, images, or both. If tile content is downloaded directly from a server specified by the app publisher, standard computer information will be sent to that server.

Microsoft only uses tile information to deliver tile updates from your apps to you. To clear the current updates displayed on your Start tiles, swipe from the right side or point to the upper right corner of Start, tap or click Settings , and then tap or click Tiles.

Tap or click the Clear button under Clear personal info from my tiles. Tile updates delivered after you clear the current updates will continue to appear. Order Prints enables you to send digital pictures stored on your PC or a network drive to an online photo printing service of your choice.

Depending on the service, you can have your pictures printed and then delivered using postal mail or you can pick up the prints at a local store. If you decide to place an order with an online photo printing service, your digital photos are sent over the Internet to the service that you selected. The file path to the digital pictures that you select which might include your user name might be sent to the service in order to allow the service to display and upload the images.

Digital picture files might contain data about the image that was stored with the file by the camera, such as the date and time that the picture was taken or the location where the picture was taken if your camera has GPS capabilities. The files might also contain personal information such as captions that might have been associated with the file through the use of digital picture management apps and File Explorer.

For more information, see the Properties section below. Information you enter on the online photo printing services website is transmitted to the service. The information stored in the digital picture files by the camera might be used by the online photo printing service during the printing process, for example, to adjust the color or sharpness of the image before it is printed. Information stored by digital picture management apps might be used by the online photo printing service to print as captions on the front or back of the print copy.

You can use Order Prints to choose which pictures to send and which service to use to print your pictures. Some picture management apps might be able to help you remove stored personal information before sending pictures to be printed. You might also be able to edit the properties of the file to remove stored personal information.

Windows helps apps and Windows features launch faster by keeping track of when and how frequently those apps and features are used and which system files they load. When you use an app or Windows feature, Windows saves some information on your PC about the system files used as well as when and how frequently the app or feature was used.

Windows uses the information about app and feature usage to help apps and features launch faster. In some cases, apps may be automatically launched in a suspended state. Apps that are automatically launched and suspended appear in Task Manager and can be terminated.

While suspended, those apps cannot access your webcam or microphone until you launch them, even if you have previously enabled that functionality. If an incompatibility problem is found with a desktop app that you try to run, Program Compatibility Assistant will try to help you resolve it. If an incompatibility problem is found with an app you attempt to run, a report is generated that includes information such as the app name, app version, the needed compatibility settings, and your actions with the app so far.

Error reports are used to provide you with responses to problems that you report for your apps. Responses contain links when available to the app publisher’s website so you can learn more about possible solutions. Error reports created due to app failures are used to try to determine which setting to adjust when you encounter compatibility problems for the apps that you’re running on this version of Windows.

Information reported through CEIP is used to identify app compatibility problems. For problems reported through Windows Error Reporting, an error report is created only when you select the option to check online for a solution. Unless you have previously consented to report problems automatically so you can check for solutions, you’re asked if you want to send the error report.

For more information, see the Windows Error Reporting section. Properties are file information that allow you to quickly search and organize your files. Some properties are intrinsic to the file for example, the size of the file while others might be specific to an app or device for example, the settings of your camera when you took a photo or the location data recorded by the camera for the photo. The type of information stored will depend upon the type of file and the apps that use it.

Examples of properties include file name, date modified, file size, author, keywords, and comments. Properties are stored in the file, and they move with the file if it is moved or copied to another location, such as a file share, or sent as an email attachment. Properties can help you more quickly search and organize your files. They can also be used by apps to perform app-specific tasks.

You can edit or remove some properties for a file by selecting the file in File Explorer and clicking Properties. For app-specific properties, you can edit or remove them only if the app used to generate the file supports these features. If your PC has near-field communication NFC hardware, you can physically tap it against another device or accessory with NFC hardware to share links, files, and other information.

There are two types of proximity connections: Tap and Do and Tap and Hold. With Tap and Hold, the connection is active only as long as the devices are held next to each other. When you tap proximity enabled devices together, they exchange information to establish a connection with each other.

Windows can send files, links, and other information between devices using a proximity connection. Apps that use proximity can send and receive any information they have access to. This information might be sent through your network or Internet connection, or directly through a device-to-device wireless connection. Network and PC information exchanged over a proximity connection is used to establish a network connection, and to identify the devices connecting to each other.

Data transferred through a proximity connection initiated within an app can be used by that app in any way. Near field proximity service is on by default. An administrator can turn it off using the options provided in Devices and Printers in Control Panel. Windows Tap and Send makes it easy to share selected information with a friend standing next to you or with another one of your devices such as a mobile phone. The next device you tap will receive a link to the webpage currently being displayed.

This also works with any app that supports sharing information, such as pictures, text, or files. Tap and Send uses the information you’re sharing and the information described in the Near field proximity service section above. This information is only used to create the connection between the two devices.

If Near-field proximity service is turned on, Tap and Send is also turned on. For more information, see the Near-field proximity service section. VPN technologies allow users to connect to a private network, such as a corporate network, over the Internet. So is it possible to reinstall Windows Server R2 without losing any data? Reinstallation of Windows Server does not happen often, but when it is running quite slowly, even frozen now and then, or you have too many corrupted files or viruses on your computer, reinstalling the Server operating system onto another drive from should be the last resort.

And today we will tell you how to quickly and easily reinstall Windows Server R2 without losing any files, documents, pictures, videos or music. In order to avoid data loss during the Server R2 reinstallation process, it is necessary to back up all your computer files. Step 1. Insert your Server R2 installation media into the computer and boot from it you might need to change the boot sequence so that the computer boots from the media. Then select the language and other preferences.

Step 3. Step 6. Step 7. Step 8. When you are asked whether it overwrites the existing files. Event log reports contain information that you can use to diagnose problems. You view reports in Event Viewer. The Event Log service writes events that are sent to log files by programs, by services, and by the operating system.

The events contain diagnostic information in addition to errors that are specific to the source program, the service, or the component. This service has the same firewall requirements as the File and Printer Sharing feature. Fax Service lets users use either a local fax device or a shared network fax device to send and receive faxes from their desktop programs.

The File Replication service FRS is a file-based replication engine that automatically copies updates to files and folders between computers that are participating in a common FRS replica set. FRS is the default replication engine that is used to replicate the contents of the SYSVOL folder between Windows based domain controllers and Windows Server based domain controllers that are located in a common domain.

By default, the FTP control port is The default data that is used for active mode FTP port is automatically set to one port less than the control port. Therefore, if you configure the control port to port , the default data port is port This means that the client first connects to the FTP server by using the control port.

Then, the client opens a second connection to the FTP server for transferring data. You can configure the range of high ports by using the IIS metabase.

If any one of these protocols is unavailable or blocked between the client and a relevant domain controller, Group Policy will not apply or update. For a cross-domain logon, where a computer is in one domain and the user account is in another domain, these protocols may be required for the client, the resource domain, and the account domain to communicate.

ICMP is used for slow link detection. When you initiate remote group policy results reporting from a Windows Server computer, access to the destination computer’s event log is required. See the Event Log section in this article for port requirements.

Windows Server support the initiation of remote group policy update against Windows Server computers. SSL is an open standard for establishing an encrypted communications channel to help prevent the interception of extremely important information, such as credit card numbers. Although this service works on other Internet services, it is primarily used to enable encrypted electronic financial transactions on the World Wide Web WWW.

Internet Authentication Service IAS performs centralized authentication, authorization, auditing, and accounting of users who are connecting to a network.

These users can be on a LAN connection or on a remote connection. This system service provides NAT, addressing, and name resolution services for all computers on your home network or your small-office network. When the Internet Connection Sharing feature is enabled, your computer becomes an Internet gateway on the network. Other client computers can then share one connection to the Internet, such as a dial-up connection or a broadband connection.

They do not provide these services on the external network interface. When you use the Kerberos Key Distribution Center KDC system service, users can sign in to the network by using the Kerberos version 5 authentication protocol. As in other implementations of the Kerberos protocol, the KDC is a single process that provides two services: the Authentication Service and the Ticket-Granting Service.

The Authentication Service issues ticket granting tickets, and the Ticket-Granting Service issues tickets for connection to computers in its own domain. The License Logging system service is a tool that was originally designed to help customers manage licenses for Microsoft server products that are licensed in the server client access license CAL model.

By default, the License Logging service is disabled in Windows Server Because of legacy design constraints and evolving license terms and conditions, License Logging may not provide an accurate view of the total number of CALs that are purchased compared to the total number of CALs that are used on a particular server or across the enterprise.

License Logging is not included in Windows Server and later operating systems. We recommend that only users of the Microsoft Small Business Server family of operating systems enable this service on their servers.

The Message Queuing system service is a messaging infrastructure and development tool for creating distributed messaging programs for Windows. These programs can communicate across heterogeneous networks and can send messages between computers that may be temporarily unable to connect to one another. Message Queuing helps provide security, efficient routing, support for sending messages within transactions, priority-based messaging, and guaranteed message delivery.

The Microsoft POP3 service provides email transfer and retrieval services. Administrators can use this service to store and manage email accounts on the mail server. When you install POP3 service on the mail server, users can connect to the mail server and can retrieve email messages by using an email client that supports the POP3 protocol, such as Microsoft Outlook. The Net Logon system service maintains a security channel between your computer and the domain controller to authenticate users and services.

It passes the user’s credentials to a domain controller and returns the domain security identifiers and the user rights for the user. This is typically known as pass-through authentication. Net Logon is configured to start automatically only when a member computer or domain controller is joined to a domain. Clients can use a news client, such as Microsoft Outlook Express, to retrieve newsgroups from the server and to read the headers or the bodies of the articles in each newsgroup.

Offline Files and Roaming User Profiles cache user data to computers for offline use. These capabilities exist in all supported Microsoft operating systems. All of these systems use SMB.

Folder Redirection redirects user data from the local computer to a remote file share, using SMB. Primary Computer provides a capability to prevent data caching to computers that are not authorized by administrators for specific users.

This system was added in Windows Server The Performance Logs and Alerts system service collects performance data from local or remote computers based on preconfigured schedule parameters and then writes that data to a log or triggers a message. Based on the information that is contained in the named log collection setting, the Performance Logs and Alerts service starts and stops each named performance data collection.

This service runs only if at least one performance data collection is scheduled. The Print Spooler system service manages all local and network print queues and controls all print jobs. Print Spooler is the center of the Windows printing subsystem. The Remote Procedure Call RPC system service is an interprocess communication IPC mechanism that enables data exchange and invocation of functionality that is located in a different process.

Many services depend on the RPC service to start successfully. By default, this service is turned off. The Remote Storage Notification system service notifies users when they read from or write to files that are available only from a secondary storage media. Stopping this service prevents this notification.

The Remote Storage system service stores infrequently used files on a secondary storage medium. If you stop this service, users cannot move or retrieve files from the secondary storage media. Although the Routing and Remote Access service can use all the following protocols, the service typically uses only a few of them. For example, if you configure a VPN gateway that is behind a filtering router, you will probably use only one protocol.

For more information about this, see the References section. The Server system service provides RPC support and file sharing, print sharing, and named pipe sharing over the network. The Server service lets users share local resources, such as disks and printers, so that other users on the network can access them.

It also enables named pipe communication between programs that are running on the local computer and on other computers. Named pipe communication is memory that is reserved for the output of one process to be used as input for another process. The input-accepting process does not have to be local to the computer.

Preloaded Lmhosts entries will bypass the DNS resolver. Windows and newer clients can work over port The SharePoint Portal Server system service lets you develop an intelligent portal that seamlessly connects users, teams, and knowledge. It helps people take advantage of relevant information across business processes. Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server provides an enterprise business solution that integrates information from various systems into one solution through single sign-on and enterprise application integration capabilities.

It accepts and queues email messages for remote destinations, and it retries at set intervals.


Windows server 2012 r2 standard product key list free


Besides, an easier tool will also be shared to repair Windows Server. Windows Server is a group of operating systems released by Microsoft and it is designed to correspond to their home operating systems Windows 11, 10, 8, 7, etc. Since Windows Server is designed for professional tasks, when things go wrong it can have massive consequences for businesses and users alike.

The typical Windows Server user may experience issues such as their system not booting, a blue screen after the system starts up, not being able to open any files on their desktop, or being unable to update the system. Most of these problems are caused by a corrupted system file, a damaged boot record, or related issues. All can be unfortunately usually caused by user error. So, what should we do if we encounter these problems in Windows Server R2 , R2 , , or ?

SFC is a command prompt-based tool and you will require administrator rights to open and run the program. It is able to scan your Windows system files for corrupted files or other changes. If a protected file is detected to be incorrect or corrupted, SFC will automatically extract the correct file from the system backup to replace the incorrect version. Here is how to use it. Select the language to install, the time and currency format, the keyboard or input methods, and click Next.

The system will automatically scan the integrity of all the protected system files and repair the incorrect files by itself.

It will take around 5 minutes to complete, so please be patient. As well as using the SFC command, you can also check and fix the system boot record via the command prompt window. You just need to input the following commands in turn and press enter after each:.

After the scanning and repair process is finished, you can restart your computer to see if you can enter the desktop successfully.

Step 1. Step 2. Here you should make the bootable USB the first boot device so that your Server can boot successfully from it.

Step 3. From here, you can try to check the OS partition for possible errors and fix them. Step 4. Select Check partition and fix errors in this partition by using chkdsk. Step 5. Now you should wait for a few minutes while the partition is checked and fixed.

Once you have tried the solutions and successfully repaired your Windows Server , you can disconnect the bootable USB and restart your computer. The above methods are applicable to fixing other Windows Servers such as R2 , , , and As always, we recommend creating regular backups to your Windows Server R2 in case anything goes wrong in the future. Hit Repair your computer. Still Need Help? Have your problem been solved? If not, please input query in the search box below.


Appendix A: KMS Client Setup Keys | Microsoft Docs

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